Alarmists often claim particular human population groups are more vulnerable to global warming than others. People in poverty-stricken Third World nations are often the groups so identified. In reality, the modest recent increase in global temperatures has ushered in record crop yields and other climate benefits in Third World nations and the world as a whole. Also, access to affordable electricity would improve human living standards in Third World nations far more than expensive, low-emissions wind and solar power. Vulnerable populations are the greatest beneficiaries of conventional energy and the Earth’s modest, recent warming.